Origin: China. Patronage: Great Britain.

Group 9

Companion and Toy Dogs

General Appearance: Decidedly square and cobby, it is “multum in parvo” shown in compactness of form, well knit proportions and hardness of muscle, but never to appear low on legs, nor lean and leggy.
Important Proportions: Decidedly square and cobby.
Behaviour / Temperament: Great charm, dignity and intelligence. Even-tempered, happy and lively disposition.
Head: Relatively large and in proportion to body, round, not apple-headed.

Skull: With no indentation. Wrinkles on forehead clearly defined without exaggeration.
Nose: Black with fairly large well opened nostrils. Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose wrinkle is unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.
Muzzle: Relatively short, blunt, square, not upfaced. Eyes or nose never adversely affected or obscured by over nose wrinkle.
Jaws/Teeth: Slightly undershot. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Wry mouth, teeth or tongue showing all highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.
Eyes: Dark, relatively large, round in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and when excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white when looking straight ahead. Free from obvious eye problems.


Ears: Thin, small, soft like black velvet. Two kinds – “Rose ear” - small drop-ear which folds over and back to reveal the burr. “Button ear” - ear flap folding forward, tip lying close to skull to cover opening. Preference given to latter.
Neck: Slightly arched to resemble a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.
Body: Short and cobby.
Topline: Level, neither roached nor dipping.
Chest: Broad in chest. Ribs well sprung and carried well back.
Tail: High-set, tightly curled over hip. Double curl highly desirable.
Shoulder: Well sloped.
Forearm: Legs very strong, straight, of moderate length, and well under body.
Hindquarters: Legs very strong, of moderate length, well under body, straight and parallel when viewed from rear.

Hair: Fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither harsh nor woolly.
Colour: Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour, trace (black line extending from occiput to tail) and mask. Markings clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.

Weight: Ideal weight 6.3 - 8.1 kgs. Should be hard of muscle but substance must not be confused with overweight.